Maths
 Mathematics aims to support children to solve problems and apply their learning to everyday life.
 The main theme for maths is problem solving, this aims to promote real life problem –autonomous problemsolvers and creative problemsolvers.
 To allow teachers the flexibility to deliver highquality Maths lessons teachers can choose the length of their sessions to allow children time to practice their skill.
 We aim to provide opportunities to use outdoor learning as a resource for lessons. This can include the school grounds but also further afield.
 Creative learning is a key aspect of maths and we aim to provide children with the opportunity to be creative and hand on with their learning of maths to ensure that a skill is embedded.
 Mastery level of maths is our goal and we aim to ensure ALL children can master their maths work. This is provided through challenges, problem solving, outdoor learning and cross curricular links.
Please contact Mrs Harrison if you require any further information regarding the School Curriculum.
Mathematics around School
Calculations Policy
This calculation policy has been developed and agreed after using the National Curriculum objectives and methods.
At Fitzwilliam Primary School we recognise that mathematics can only be used effectively when the user understands the tool, and has ownership of it. With our calculation policy, we can be confident throughout school, that the hard work we all put into teaching the children each year to calculate, will be consolidated and extended the following year.
By agreeing on the use of strategies and mathematical language the children will be taught in a consistent way in all classes, developing their understanding as they progress through school. This will hopefully cause less confusion for the children and ensure they have the necessary strategies and scaffolding to enable them to solve mathematical problems.
Children will then be encouraged to use the calculation strategies they are secure with, whether done mentally or using pencil and paper methods.
The calculations policy for each year group will be kept in each classroom and displayed clearly on the Working Wall and in the children’s books. A copy of the policy will be available on the VLE and accessible to parents on the school website.
The calculations policy was drafted in October 2014 by the mathematics manager. The policy was reviewed with staff in October 2014 and shared with parents in January 2015.
Numicon
Numicon is a curriculum proof, multisensory approach, that’s raises achievement across all mathematics ability levels.
With problemsolving, reasoning and conversation at its heart, Numicon perfectly embodies the aims of the Primary National Curriculum 2014 for mathematics:
 Develops fluency by using a visual, practical base to develop conceptual understanding and fluent recall.
 Helps children to reason mathematically through the use of concrete objects and spoken language to explain and justify.
 Develops children into confident problemsolvers.
Numicon will be used primarily by Foundation Stage, Year 1 and Year 2. Key Stage 2 will use Numicon as a support tool for lower ability children and to support their understanding and reasoning.
Foundation Stage
End of year expectations states that by the end of Foundation Stage children should be able to:
 count reliably with numbers from one to 20, place them in order and say which number is one more or one less than a given number. Using quantities and objects, they add and subtract two singledigit numbers and count on or back to find the answer. They solve problems, including doubling, halving and sharing.
Children will start by applying skills to prepared number lines.
Addition
Children are encouraged to use Numicon and to record by drawing jumps on number lines to solve addition problems.

Sharing
Children will use Numicon and concrete objects to share sets into equal groups. 

Subtraction
Children are encouraged to use Numicon and to record by drawing jumps number lines. 63 would be recorded like this…
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 
Year 1
End of year expectations states that Year 1 children should be able to:
 add and subtract onedigit and twodigit numbers to 20, including zero.
 solve onestep problems that involve addition and subtraction, using concrete objects and pictorial representations, and missing number problems such as
7 = – 9.
 solve onestep problems involving multiplication and division, by calculating the answer using concrete objects, pictorial representations and arrays with the support of the teacher.
Children will use numbers on the number lines until they are confident to jump without them.
Children will always count forwards on the number lines.
Addition
Children are encouraged to use Numicon and to record by drawing jumps on number lines to solve addition problems.
Children need to be able find missing numbers. Missing numbers need to be placed in all possible places. 3 + 4 = + 4 = 7 3 + = 7 
Multiplication Children will use Numicon and concrete objects to solve multiplication. 2 x 3
Children need to be able to count in groups of 2s, 5s and 10s. 

Subtraction
Children are encouraged to use Numicon and to record by drawing jumps number lines. 63 would be recorded like this…
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 
Division
Children will use Numicon and concrete objects to solve division by grouping and counting.

Year 2
End of year expectations states that Year 2 children should be able to:
 solve problems with addition and subtraction:
 using concrete objects and pictorial representations, including those involving numbers, quantities and measures
 applying their increasing knowledge of mental and written methods
 add and subtract numbers using concrete objects, pictorial representations, and mentally, including:
 a twodigit number and ones
 a twodigit number and tens
 two twodigit numbers
 adding three onedigit numbers
 solve problems involving multiplication and division, using materials, arrays, repeated addition, mental methods, and multiplication and division facts, including problems in contexts.
Children will always count forwards on the number lines.
Addition
Children will start by using concrete objects and Numicon to solve addition problem before moving on to using empty number lines and counting on. 34 + 23 = 57
34 44 54 55 56 57 Children need to be able find missing numbers. Missing numbers need to be placed in all possible places. 13 + 4 = + 4 = 17 13 + = 17 
Multiplication
Children will began to use repeated addition to solve multiplication problems. 4 x 3 This can also be shown on a number line. 

Subtraction
Children will start by using concrete objects and Numicon to solve subtraction problems before moving on to using empty number lines and counting on.
47 – 23 = 24

Division
Children will use Numicon and concrete objects to solve division by grouping and counting before moving on to number lines. 12 ÷ 3 = 4

NB: During the year (end of Autumn) children will move onto column addition and subtraction of 2 digit numbers in preparation for Year 3. (Please see Year 3.)
Year 3
End of year expectations states that Year 3 children should be able to:
 add and subtract numbers with up to three digits, using formal written methods of column addition and subtraction
 recall and use multiplication and division facts for the 3, 4 and 8 multiplication tables
 write and calculate mathematical statements for multiplication and division using the multiplication tables that they know, including for twodigit numbers times onedigit numbers, using mental and progressing to formal written methods
Children will ALWAYS start with the ‘ones’ when adding, subtracting and multiplying.
Addition
Children should begin to use formal written methods with numbers up to 3 digits.
Children should then move on to the understanding of carrying over.

Multiplication
Children need to know multiplication facts mentally for 3, 4 and 8. Children will begin to multiply 2 digit numbers by 1 digit numbers using the facts they know. They will begin to use formal written methods.


Subtraction
Children should begin to use formal written methods with numbers up to 3 digits.
Children should then move on to the understanding of carrying over.

Division
Children will use metal strategies to solve division problems using the facts they know. 
Year 4
End of year expectations states that Year 4 children should be able to:
 add and subtract numbers with up to 4 digits using the formal written methods of column addition and subtraction where appropriate
 recall multiplication and division facts for multiplication tables up to 12 × 12
 multiply twodigit and threedigit numbers by a onedigit number using formal written layout
Children will ALWAYS start with the ‘ones’ when adding, subtracting and multiplying.
Addition
Children should begin to use formal written methods with numbers up to 4 digits.
Children should then move on to the understanding of carrying over.

Multiplication
Children need to know multiplication facts mentally up to 12 x Children will begin to multiply 2 and 3 digit numbers by 1 digit numbers using the facts they know. They will begin to use formal written methods.


Subtraction
Children should begin to use formal written methods with numbers up to 4 digits.
Children should then move on to the understanding of carrying over.

Division
Children will use metal strategies to solve division problems using the facts they know. 
Year 5
End of year expectations states that Year 5 children should be able to:
 add and subtract whole numbers with more than 4 digits, including using formal written methods (column addition and subtraction)
 multiply numbers up to 4 digits by a one or twodigit number using a formal written method, including long multiplication for twodigit numbers
 divide numbers up to 4 digits by a onedigit number using the formal written method of short division
Children will ALWAYS start with the ‘ones’ when adding, subtracting and multiplying.
Addition
Children will be able to use formal written methods for addition confidently.

Multiplication
Children will be able to complete multiplication of 4 digits by one digit using short multiplication.
Children will then move onto multiplication by two digit using long multiplication.


Subtraction
Children will be able to use formal written methods for subtraction confidently.

Division
Children will use short division to solve problems. 
Year 6
End of year expectations states that Year 6 children should be able to:
 multiply multidigit numbers up to 4 digits by a twodigit whole number using the formal written method of long multiplication
 divide numbers up to 4 digits by a twodigit whole number using the formal written method of long division, and interpret remainders as whole number remainders, fractions, or by rounding, as appropriate for the context
Children will ALWAYS start with the ‘ones’ when adding, subtracting and multiplying.
Addition
Children will be able to use formal written methods for addition confidently.

Multiplication
Children will use long multiplication to solve problems. They will be able to multiply a 4 digit number by a 2 digit number.


Subtraction
Children will be able to use formal written methods for subtraction confidently.

Division
Children will begin to use long division to solve problems involving 4 digit and 2 digit numbers. 